Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics Policy and Malpractice


A statement of professional code of ethics is a statement of code of ethics for all parties involved in the publication process of this scientific journal (Editor, Peer-reviewer, and Author). In general, the publication ethics of the IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research refers to the Publications Ethics Committee (COPE) on Best Practices Guidelines for Journal Editor and LIPI Head Regulation No. 5 of 2014 concerning the Code of Conduct for Scientific Publications. Basically, the code of ethics itself upholds three ethical values ​​in publications, namely:

  1. Neutrality (free from conflicts of interest in public management),
  2. Justice (giving authorship rights to the recipient as a writer), and
  3. Honesty (free from duplication, fabrication, forgery, and plagiarism (DF2P) in this publication.

After the Author has finished reading this Statement of Ethical Publication, the Author must download the Statement of Authenticity of the Manuscript and the Open Access Statement in the Author's Package. The Statement of Ethics and the Copyright Agreement that is signed must be submitted as a supplementary file for the initial article submission or knowingly approve the statement.


Publication Decisions

The editor is responsible for deciding which articles to submit to the journal that must be published. Editors can be guided by journal editorial board policies and are limited by applicable legal requirements relating to defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor can negotiate with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

Complaints and Appeals

IJORER will have clear procedures for handling complaints against journals, Editorial Staff, Editorial Board, or Publisher. Complaints will be clarified to the respected person in connection with the complaint case. The scope of the complaint covers everything related to the journal business process, namely the editorial process, quote manipulation, unfair editor / reviewer, peer-review manipulation, etc. Complaint cases will be processed according to COPE guidelines.

Fair Play

Editors must at all times evaluate texts for their intellectual content regardless of race, sex, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the author.


The editor and editorial staff may not disclose any information about the manuscript sent to anyone other than the author, reviewers, prospective reviewers, other editorial advisors, and publishers, as appropriate.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Unpublished material that is disclosed in the text submitted may not be used in the research of the editor himself without the written consent of the author.



Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Peer review helps the editor in making editorial decisions and through editorial communication with the author, peer reviewers can also help the writer improve the paper.


Any selected reviewer who feels ineligible to review research in a text or knows that a quick review is not possible must inform the editor and excuse himself from the review process.


Every text received for review must be treated as a confidential document. They may not be shown or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of Objectivity

Reviews must be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is considered inappropriate. Riviewer must express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of Sources

The reviewer must identify the relevant published work that has not been cited by the author. Any statement of observation, derivation, or argument that has been previously reported must be accompanied by a relevant quote. The reviewer should also call for the editor's attention to the substantial similarities or overlaps between the manuscripts being considered and any other published papers that they have personal but relevant knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Information or special ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers may not consider texts where they have a conflict of interest arising from competition, collaboration, or other relationships or connections with the authors, companies or institutions connected with the paper.



Reporting Standards

The author's report on the original research must present an accurate report of the work carried out as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data must be represented accurately in the manuscript. A paper must contain enough detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. False or intentionally inaccurate statements are unethical and unacceptable behavior.

Originality and Plagiarism

The writers must ensure that they have written the original work in its entirety, and if the author has used the work and / or words of others that this has been quoted or quoted correctly.

Multiple or Concurrent Publications

An author may not generally publish manuscripts which basically describe the same research in more than one major journal or publication. Submitting the same text to more than one journal simultaneously is unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior.

Source Recognition

Proper recognition of the work of others must always be given. Authors must cite influential publications in determining the nature of the work reported.

Authorship of the Paper

Authorship must be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the research reported. All who have made significant contributions must be registered as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they must be recognized or registered as contributors.

The appropriate author must ensure that all suitable joint authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the manuscript, and that all joint authors have seen and agreed to the final version of this paper and have approved their submission for publication.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

All authors must disclose in their manuscripts any other conflict of financial or substantive interest that can be interpreted to affect the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.

Fundamental Mistakes in Published Works

When an author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in his self-published work, it is the author's obligation to immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Ethical Oversight

If the research work involves chemicals, humans, animals, procedures, or equipment that have unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify this in the text to comply with the ethical conduct of research using animals and human subjects. If necessary, the author must provide ethical legal permission from legal associations or organizations.

If the research involves confidential data and business / marketing practices, the author must clearly confirm this issue whether the data or information will be hidden safely or not.



Research error means falsification, manipulation of quotations, or plagiarism in producing, conducting, or reviewing research and writing articles by the author, or in reporting research results. When the author is known to be involved with research violations or other serious irregularities involving articles that have been published in scientific journals, the Editor has the responsibility to ensure the accuracy and integrity of scientific records.

IJORER carries a section on Comments and Critics, which provides forums to express various points of view, comments, clarifications, correct misunderstandings, and report research errors on topics in published papers. Journal readers are sincerely invited to contribute their ideas to this forum.

In cases of alleged violations, the Editorial and Editorial Board will use COPE best practices to help them resolve complaints and deal with violations fairly. This will include investigations of allegations by the Editor. Manuscripts sent and found to contain such errors will be rejected. In cases where published papers are found to contain such errors, retractions can be published and will be linked to the original article.



General Article Withdrawal Policy

It is a general principle of scientific communication that the journal editor is solely responsible and independent in deciding which articles to submit to the journal to be published. In making this decision, editors are guided by the policies of the journal editorial board and are limited by applicable legal requirements regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The result of this principle is the importance of scientific archives as a permanent historical record of scholarship transactions. Articles that have been published will remain there, right, and do not change as far as possible. However, very sometimes circumstances can arise where articles are published which must then be withdrawn or even deleted. Such actions should not be carried out lightly and can only occur under exceptional circumstances. In addition, the author (and / or his institution) will be punished from all types of article withdrawal in the form of a prohibited article submission (temporarily to a permanent ban)

This policy has been designed to address this problem and to consider current best practice in the scientific community and library. As standards develop and change, we will review this issue and welcome input from the scientific community and the library. We believe this problem requires international standards. All Article Withdrawal Policies in IJORER (including Article Withdrawal, Article in the Press, Article Revocation, Article Deletion, and Article Replacement Policy) are adopted from Elsevier's Article Withdrawal Policy.

Article Withdrawal by the Author

The author is not allowed to withdraw articles that have been sent to IJORER because withdrawing the article consumes the resources, time, and effort made by the Editor and Peer-reviewers in processing the article. If the writer still requests the withdrawal of the article, the author will be punished in the form of a prohibition on submission of manuscripts for (maximum) 8 numbers (4 volumes or 4 years) for withdrawal of the manuscript in the review process. However, it is very unethical to withdraw manuscripts that have been sent from journals because other journals have received them.

Withdrawing articles after the manuscript has been accepted for publication is very unethical. The author will be given a penalty in the form of prohibited submission of the manuscript for (maximum) 20 digits (10 volume or 10 years). Withdrawal of the manuscript in this policy includes submission of revised articles that exceed the time limit specified by the Editor and do not immediately notify the Editor and / or revise the manuscript. If the author does not revise the manuscript until the deadline without confirmation, the Author may be banned for (maximum) 12 numbers (6 volumes or 6 years).

Authors who make more than one withdrawal of the manuscript can be permanently blocked. This prohibition can also be applied to the author's institution. The IJORER Editorial Board may announce to the public through the IJORER page and / or provide information to other journal editors or other publishers when the IJORER Editorial Board is carrying out a prohibition process in these cases.



Violations of professional code of conduct (such as multiple submissions, false claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, or the like) are prohibited at IJORER. Sometimes, revocation will be used to correct errors in delivery or publication. Revocation of an article by its author or editor under the advice of members of the scientific community has long been an occasional feature of the world being studied. Standards for dealing with retraction have been developed by a number of libraries and scientific bodies, and this best practice was adopted for retraction of articles by IJORER.

The editor will investigate deeply about violations of professional code of ethics. The IJORER Editorial Board will notify the Author of the alleged violation and its evidence and offer options that can be executed by the Author. If the Editor cannot contact the author within the specified period, the Editor will discuss with the Editor and other Editorial Advisory Board about this issue.

The article revocation standards in IJORER are:

  1. Statement (letter) revocation of article, titled "Retraction: (article title)", will be issued by IJORER Editorial Members in two languages ​​(Indonesian and English).
  2. The revocation letter of this article (together with evidence, comments, criticisms, or requests from members of the scientific community) is placed on the previous article page with the same page number as the first page of the article and given an additional code "ed-1" for the first page of the letter that and so on (for example, 56-ed-1, 56-ed-2, etc.).
  3. The original version of the article will be watermarked or "Retracted" stamped and placed after the letter. This new PDF file was created to replace the original PDF file article.
  4. The article abstract on the IJORER website is replaced with a statement about the retraction of the article because it violates the IJORER code of ethics and / or policy while the article's keyword is deleted.
  5. The revocation letter of the article will also be published in IJORER on the edition when the article and letter were published as part of the Comments and Critics section.



In a very limited number of cases, it may be necessary to delete articles from an online database. This will only happen where the article is clearly defamatory, or violates someone else's legal rights, or where the article is located, or the Editor has good reason to expect it, the subject of a court order, or where the article is, if it acts after that, can pose serious health risks. In this case, while the metadata (Title and Author) will be retained, the text will be replaced with a screen indicating the article has been removed for legal reasons.



In cases where the article, if followed up, could pose a serious health risk, the original article writer might want to revoke the original and replace it with an improved version. In this case, the procedure for revocation will be followed by the difference that the database revocation notification will publish a link to the re-published articl