Effects of Child Abuse on Academic Performance of Primary School Pupils in Kwande Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria

  • Tersoo Timothy Tsegba University of Ilorin,  Nigeria
  • Ibrahim Ologele University of Ilorin,  Nigeria
  • Kafayah Adeola Jidda University of Ilorin,  Nigeria
  • Joseph Abiodun Stephen Tai Solarin University of Education,  Nigeria
Keywords: Effects, Child abuse, Academic, Performance, primary school pupils


Several factors contributing to the low standard of education in Nigeria where child abuse identified to be an important factor. The study, therefore, investigates the effect of child abuse on the academic performance of primary school pupils in the Kwande Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria. The population of the study comprised all primary school pupils and their teachers in the study area. The descriptive research design of survey type employed for the study. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select ten public primary schools out of fifty seven public primary schools in the study area. Nine hundred and forty–six (946) respondents selected for the study. Researchers developed a questionnaire validated by three experts from the related field was used as an instrument for the study. The findings revealed that child abuse has a significant effect on pupils participation in the class and also had a significant effect on pupils assessment in the Kwande Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria. The researchers' recommends among others that the government should carry out an enlightenment campaign through mass media for parents and guardians on the consequences of child abuse on the educational achievement of primary school pupils to improve their participation in classes as well as improve their assessment grades in test and examination.

Abstract View: 133 PDF Download: 68 Similarity Check Download: 10
Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biography

Kafayah Adeola Jidda, University of Ilorin

Department of Health Promotion and Environmental Health Education


Aashish, P. (2019). Questionnaire: Definition, types, examples & how to design. Fredough

Ada, P. A., & Anake, P. M. (2015). Child abuse and students academic performance in boki local government area of cross river state. British Journal of Education, 3(3), 34-42.

Al Odhayani, A., Watson, W. J., & Watson, L. (2013). Behavioural consequences of child abuse. Canadian Family Physician, 59(8), 831-836.

Alokan, F. B., & Olatunji, I. C. (2014). Influence of child abuse on classroom behaviours and academic performance among primary and secondary school students. European Scientific Journal, 10(10), 131-140.

Altafim, E. R. P., & Linhares, M. B. M. (2016). Universal violence and child maltreatment prevention programs for parents: A systematic review. Psychosocial Intervention, 25(1), 27-38.

Augustin, S. A., & Abubaker, I. S. (2016). The effects of child abuse on the academic of school children: Implication on the Nigerian economy. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Arts and Science, 3(3), 23-27.

CASA. (2015). How child abuse affects academic achievement?. Casa Child Advocates Of Montgomery County. https://casaspeaks4kids.com/child-abuse-affects-academic-achievement/

Daniel, N. (2020). Questionnaire, types, definition, examples and how to design your own. Keyleads Company. https://www.kyleads.com/blog/questionnaire/

Esteban, O. (2017). Child maltreatment and educational outcomes. Our World in Data. https://ourworldindata.org/child-maltreatment-and-educational-outcomes.

Foster, R. H., Olson-Dorff, D., Reiland, H. M., & Budzak-Garza, A. (2017). Commitment, confidence, and concerns: Assessing health care professionals’ child maltreatment reporting attitudes. Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect, 67(3), 54-63.

International Child Abuse Network. (2012). Child Abuse Defined. http://www.yesican.org/defined.html

Life learners. (2018). Effects of child abuse on students’ academic performance. Nigeria: Life Learners. https://lifelearners.ng/effects-of-child-abuse-on-students-academic-performance/

Ligeve, S. N., & Poipoi, M. W. (2012). The influence of child labour on academic achievement of primary school pupils in Suba and Homa-Bay Districts, Kenya. International Journal of Learning & Development, 2(4), 43-55. https://doi.org/10.5296/ijld.v2i4.2214

Mfonobong, E. U. (2013). Child abuse and its implications for the educational sector in Nigeria. Child Maltreatment, 2(2), 12-24.

Sylvia, L. D., & Davison, M. (2017) Effects of Child Abuse on the Academic Performance of Primary School Learners in the Manzini Region, Swaziland. World Journal of Education, 7(5), 56-65.

Theoklitou, D., Kabitsis, N., & Kabitsi. (2012). Physical and emotional abuse of primary school children by teachers. Child abuse Neg, 26(1), 64-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2011.05.007.PMID22197151

Tillman, K. S., Prazak, M. D., Burrier, L., Miller, S., Benezra, M., & Lynch, L. (2015). Factors influencing school counselors' suspecting and reporting of childhood physical abuse: Investigating child, parent, school, and abuse characteristics. Professional School Counseling, 19(1), 103-115. https://doi.org/10/5330/1096-2409- 19.1.103

United Nations Children’s Fund. (2012). The state of the world‘s children 2012: children in an urban world. New York, USA.

Usakli, H. (2012). School help professionals' ideas on child abuse and neglect. Journal of Educational Sciences and Psychology, 54(2), 115-124.

Wafaa, E., & Wejdan, S. (2017) Effect of physical abuse on academic achievement among secondary school female students in Jeddah. Journal of community and public health nursing, 3(2), 1-7.

How to Cite
Tersoo Timothy Tsegba, Ologele, I., Kafayah Adeola Jidda, & Joseph Abiodun Stephen. (2021). Effects of Child Abuse on Academic Performance of Primary School Pupils in Kwande Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria. IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, 2(5), 600-609. https://doi.org/10.46245/ijorer.v2i5.108
Abstract viewed = 133 times
PDF downloaded = 68 times Similarity Check downloaded = 10 times