Psychological Competencies and 100 Meter Runner Student Athletes’ Performance

  • Rachman Widohardhono Universitas Negeri Surabaya,  Indonesia
  • Nurhasan Universitas Negeri Surabaya,  Indonesia
  • Edy Mintarto Universitas Negeri Surabaya,  Indonesia
  • Miftakhul Jannah Universitas Negeri Surabaya,  Indonesia
Keywords: Psychological competencies, Performance, Student athlete, 100 meter sprinter, movement task


This research aims to analyze the suitability of the theoretical model of the psychological competencies model b of the 100-meter runner  student athletes with the empirical model. This study uses a quantitative approach. Total 65 (50 men and 15 women)  100-meter runner student athletes who participated in the national athletic championships. Instruments uses the Psychological Competency Scale and time records documentation data on the results of national championships. Data analyzed using partial least square (PLS). The results of the inner model test show a Q-square value of 0.919 (> 0.00). It means that there was suitability of the theoretical model of psychological competency of 100-meter runner student athletes’ with the empirical model. The R-square value of performance is 0.881. It means that the 100-meter runner student athletes’ performance were influenced by psychological competencies by 88,1%. These findings have implications for the selection and coaching of 100-meter runner student athletes. Further research needs to design mental skills training comprehensively based on psychological competencies.

Abstract View: 35 PDF Download: 46 Similarity Check Download: 2
Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Afifuddin, T., Hidayah, T., & Handayani, O. W. K. (2020). The effect of relaxation exercises , and concentration on shooting free throw results after maximum training on basketball team at integrated islamic junior high school bina amal semarang. Journal of Physical Education and Sports, 9(1), 87–94.

Afrouzeh, M., Konukman, F., Lotfinejad, M., & Afroozeh, M. S. (2020). Effects of knowledge of results feedback on more accurate versus less accurate trials on intrinsic motivation, self-confidence and anxiety in volleyball serve. Physical Culture and Sport, Studies and Research, 87(1), 24–33.

Azizah, F. F., & Jannah, M. (2020). Pengaruh meditasi otogenik terhadap regulasi emosi pada atlet anggar. Charachter, 07(02), 62–67.

Baker, J., Schorer, J., & Wattie, N. (2017). Compromising talent: Issues in identifying and selecting talent in sport. Quest, 70(1), 48–63.

Beauchamp, M.R., Crawford, K.L., Jackson, B. (2019) Social cognitive theory and

physical activity: Mechanisms of behavior change, critique, and legacy. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 42, 110-117.

Bompa, T. O., & Buzzichelli, C. A. (2019). Periodization: Theory and methodology of training. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699.

Burton, D. (2016). Winning isn’t everything: Examining the impact of performance goals on collegiate swimmers’ cognitions and performance. The Sport Psychologist, 3(2), 105–132.

Csáki, I., Szakály, Z., Fózer-Selmec, B., Kiss, S. Z., & Bognár, J. (2017). Psychological and anthropometric characteristics of a Hungarian Elite Football academy’s players. Physical Culture and Sport, Studies and Research, 73(1), 15–26.

England, B.J., Brigati, J.R., Schussler, E.E. & Chen, M.M. (2019). Student anxiety and perception of difficulty impact performance and persistence in introductory biology courses. CBE—Life Sciences Education, 18(2), 1-13.

Eysenck, M. W., & Keane, M. T. (2015). Cognitive psychology a student’s handbook (Seventh Ed). Psychology Press.

Gencer, E.. & Arda, Öztürk, A. (2018). The Relationship between the Sport-Confidence and the Coach-Athlete Relationship in Student-Athletes. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 6(10), 7-14

Gross, J. J. (2014). Handbook of Emotion Regulation (Second). Ney York: The Guilford Press.

Gross, J. J. (2015). Emotion regulation: Current status and future prospects. Psychological Inquiry, 26(1), 1–26.

Gustian, U. (2016). Pentingnya perhatian dan konsentrasi dalam menunjang penampilan atlet. Performa Olahraga, 1(1), 1–11.

Hatzigeorgiadis, A., Galanis, E., Zourbanos, N., & Theodorakis, Y. (2014). Self-talk and competitive sport performance. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 26(1), 82–95.

Jannah, M. (2010). Kontribusi metode neuro-linguistic programming pada konsentrasi pelari cepat (sprinter). Jurnal Psikologi Teori dan Terapan, 1(1), 1–7.

Jannah, M. (2012). Kontribusi metode neuro linguistic programming terhadap kemampuan goal setting pelari cepat perorangan. Jurnal Psikologi Teori dan Terapan, 3(1), 42–48.

Jannah, M. (2017). Kecemasan dan konsentrasi pada atlet panahan. Jurnal Psikologi Teori dan Terapan, 8(1), 53–60.

Jannah, M. (2017). Seri pelatihan mental olahraga: Konsentrasi. Unesa University Press.

Jannah, M. (2020). Energi mental atlet. In M. Jannah, T. R. Moordiningsih, Andayani, & W. Rahardjo (Eds.), Bahagia dan bermakna (2nd ed., pp. 137–144). CV AA Rizky.

Jannah, M., & Dewi, D. K. (2021). Penerapan latihan relaksasi otogenik untuk regulasi emosi atlet anggar. Kontribusi: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 1(2), 76–82.

Jannah, M., Mulyana, O. P., & Muthohir, T. C. (2015). Psychological profiles of indonesian elite swimmers. Movement Health & Exercise, 4(42), 31–36.

Jopang, J. (2018). Kebijakan pembinaan atlet pusat pendidikan dan latihan pelajar dinas kepemudaan dan olah raga propinsi sulawesi tenggara. Journal Publicuho, 1(1), 1.

Kyllo, L. B., & Landers, D. M. (2016). Goal setting in sport and exercise: A research synthesis to resolve the controversy. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 17(2), 117–137.

Lavallee, D., Kremer, J., & Moran, A. (2020). Psychology of sport. Social Sciences in Sport, 3, 4–5.

Lea, R.G., Qualter, P., Davis, S.K., Pérez-

González, J.P. & Bangee, M. (2018). Trait emotional intelligence and attentional bias for positive emotion: An eye tracking study. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 128, 88-93.

Love, S., Kannis-Dymand, L. & Lovell, G.P. (2018) Metacognitions in triathletes: Associations with attention, state anxiety, and relative performance. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 30:4, 421-436, DOI: 10.1080/10413200.2018.1440660

Lu, Q., Li, P., Wu, Q., Liu, X., & Wu, Y. (2021). Efficiency and enhancement in attention networks of elite shooting and archery athletes. Frontiers in Psychology, 12(March), 1–10.

Machida, M., Otten, M., Magyar, T. M., Vealey, R. S., & Ward, R. M. (2017). Examining multidimensional sport-confidence in athletes and non-athlete sport performers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35(5), 410–418.

Planalp, S. (2015). How important is emotion in everyday interaction? Communicating emotion, 9–38.

Purwanto, A., & Sudargini, Y. (2021). Partial least squares structural squation modeling ( PLS-SEM ) analysis for social and management research : A literature review. Journal of Industrial Engineering & Management Research. 2(4), 114–123.

Putra, M. R. T., & Jannah, M. (2017). Pengaruh self talk positif terhadap konsentrasi pada atlet panahan. Character: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi, 4(2), 1–5.

Qiu, F., Pi, Y., Liu, K., Li, X., Zhang, J., Wu, Y. (2018). Influence of sports expertise level on attention in multiple object tracking. PeerJ 6:e5732

Ramayah, T., Cheah, J., Chuah, F., Ting, H., & Memon, M. A. (2018). Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) using

SmartPLS 3.0: An updated guide and practical guide to statistical analysis (2nd ed.). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Pearson

Ringle, C. M., Sarstedt, M., Mitchell, R., & Gudergan, S. P. (2020). Partial least squares structural equation modeling in HRM research. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 31(12), 1617–1643.

Rodrigues, F, Teixeira, DS, Neiva, HP, Cid, L, Monteiro, D. (2020). The bright and dark sides of motivation as predictors of enjoyment, intention, and exercise persistence. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 30: 787– 800.

Rogier, G., Garofalo, C., & Velotti, P. (2019). Is emotional suppression always bad? A matter of flexibility and gender differences. Current Psychology, 38(2), 411–420.

Rooks, J. D., Morrison, A. B., Goolsarran, M., Rogers, S. L., & Jha, A. P. (2017). “We are talking about practice”: The influence of mindfulness vs. relaxation training on athletes’ attention and well-being over high-demand intervals. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 1(2), 141–153.

Roth, G., Vansteenkiste, M., & Ryan, R. M. (2019). Integrative emotion regulation: Process and development from a self-determination theory perspective. Development and Psychopathology, 31(3), 945–956.

Said, H., & Jannah, M. (2018). Problematika dan solusi mental dalam olahraga. Surabaya: Unesa University Press.

Scharfstein, M., & Gaurf. (2013). How emotions influence performance. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699.

Seaton, C.L., Bottorff, J.L., Jones-Bricker, M., & Lamont, S. (2018). The role of positive emotion and ego-resilience in determining men’s physical activity following a workplace health intervention. American Journal of Men’s Health, 12(6) 1916 –1928.

Shet, S. V., Patil, S. V., & Chandawarkar, M. R. (2019). Competency based superior performance and organizational effectiveness. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management.

Smith, A. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2014). An examination of goal motives and athletes’ self- regulatory responses to unattainable goals. International Journal Sport Psychology, 45, 538–558.

Uphill, M. A., Lane, A. M., & Jones, M. V. (2012). Emotion regulation questionnaire for use with athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13(6), 761–770.

van Raalte, J. L., Vincent, A., & Brewer, B. W. (2016). Self-talk: Review and sport-specific model. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 22, 139–148.

von Treuer, KM & Reynolds, N. (2017). A competency model of psychology practice: articulating complex skills and practices. Frontier Education, 2(54).

Weinberg, R. S. (2013). Goal setting in sport and exercise: Research and practical applications. Revista Da Educacao Fisica, 24(2), 171–179.

How to Cite
Rachman Widohardhono, Nurhasan, Edy Mintarto, & Miftakhul Jannah. (2021). Psychological Competencies and 100 Meter Runner Student Athletes’ Performance. IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, 2(6), 623-634.
Abstract viewed = 35 times
PDF downloaded = 46 times Similarity Check downloaded = 2 times