Developing Model and Psychological Competencies Scale of 100 Meter Runner Student Athletes

  • Rachman Widohardhono Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya,  Indonesia
  • Nurhasan Nurhasan Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya,  Indonesia
  • Edy Mintarto Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya,  Indonesia
  • Miftakhul Jannah Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya,  Indonesia
Keywords: Psychological competencies, Performance, Student Athlete, Sprinter, Movement task

Abstract

The main aim of research is to develop model and instrument psychological competencies scale (PCS) of 100 Meter Student Athletes. This research use a mixed methods approach.  1st Study, used a qualitative approach, identifying the constructs and dimensions of elite 100 meter runner student athletes. Using literature review and interview of 2 elite athletes and 2 coaches. The results of the first study is psychological competencies model  consists of goal setting, goal setting, motivation, concentration, emotion regulation, focus, self talk, self confidence, and persistence. Another result is 10 items of multidimentional measure of PCS. Each items in the scale were responded on five point level. Leveling describes psychological abilities based on behavior. 2nd Study, using a quantitative approach, instrument validation and reliability testing. We recruited 50, age 18-22 years from 100 meters runner student athletes voluntarily participated in this study. We assessed construct validity by examining how well the measures discriminated groups expected to differ based on their competencies, using Corrected Item-Total Correlation with a minimum limit of 0.300 to be declared a valid item. We assessed internal consistency of PCS using the Cronbach Alpha coefficient. The result of  Corrected Item-Total Correlation obtained results All items are valid because they have a Corrected Item-Total Correlation value greater than the minimum limit of 0.300.  The internal consistency of the (Cronbach’s alpha coefficient) was 0.841. It can be concluded that PCS is valid and reliable for measuring for 100 meter runner student athlete.

Abstract View: 232 PDF Download: 178 Similarity Check Download: 23
Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biography

Rachman Widohardhono, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya

Dept. of Sport Science

References

Arikunto. (2009). Prosedur penelitian suatu pendekatan praktik. Yogyakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Azwar, S. (2009). Sikap manusia: Teori dan pengukurannya. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Azwar, S. (2016). Dasar-dasar psikometrik. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Bratianu, C., & Hadad, S. (2020). Paradigm shift in business education : a competence-based approach. Sustainability, 12(1348), 1–17. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su12041348

Chouhan, V. S., & Srivastava, S. (2014). Understanding Competencies and competency modeling ― a literature survey. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 16(1), 14–22. https://doi.org/10.9790/487X-16111422

Clifford, T. (2020). Competency assessment. Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing, 35(2), 222–223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jopan.2020.01.002

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (4th ed.). California: SAGE Publications.

Duclos-Bastías, D., Giakoni-Ramírez, F., Parra-Camacho, D., Rendic-Vera, W., Rementería-Vera, N., & Gajardo-Araya, G. (2021). Better managers for more sustainability sports organizations: Validation of sports managers competency scale (COSM) in Chile. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(2), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020724

Fernández-pérez, V., Montes-merino, A., Rodríguez-ariza, L., Esther, P., Galicia, A., & Montes-merino, A. (2019). Emotional competencies and cognitive antecedents in shaping student’s entrepreneurial intention: The moderating role of entrepreneurship education. Springer Science+Business Media, 15, 281–305. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-017-0438-7

Frezza, S., & Adams, S. (2020). Bridging professionalism: Dispositions as means for relating competency across disciplines. 2020 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE). https://doi.org/10.1109/fie44824.2020.9274058

Klendauer, R., Berkovich, M., Gelvin, R., Leimeister, J. M., & Krcmar, H. (2012). Towards a competency model for requirements analysts. Information System Journal, 22(6), 475–503. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2575.2011.00395.x

Kurz, R., & Bartram, D. (2008). Competency and individual performance: Modelling the world of work (eds I.T. Robertson, M. Callinan and D. Bartram). Online Wiley Library. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470696736.ch10

Lapina, I., & Sceulovs, D. (2014). Employability and skills anticipation: Competences and market demands. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 156(November), 404–408. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.11.211

Novan, N. A., Hidayah, N., Erawan, B., Komarudin, K., Awwaludin, P. N., & Mustaqim, R. (2020). Implementation of life kinetic mental training method in order to improve the competency of coaches in psychological training for athletes. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sport Science, Health, and Physical Education (ICSSHPE 2019), 21(February), 256-259. https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200214.067

Phillips, S., & Martin, J. (2021). Competency frameworks. Grenfell and Construction Industry Reform, 59–68. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003092803-4

Prifti, L., Knigge, M., Kienegger, H., & Krcmar, H. (2017). A competency model for “industrie 4.0” employees. Proceedings der 13, Internationalen Tagung Wirtschaftsinformatik (WI 2017), 46-60.

Rahmawati, R., Sularso, R. A., Susanto, A. B., & Handriyono, H. (2021). Determinants of competency , work behavior and work effectiveness of government apparatus: a case study in Indonesia. The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 8(5), 211–219. https://doi.org/10.13106/jafeb.2021.vol8.no5.0211

Romão, G. S., & de Sá, M. F. S. (2020). Competency-based training and the competency framework in gynecology and obstetrics in Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia / RBGO Gynecology and Obstetrics, 42(5), 272–288. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1708887

Zhao, S. (2018). Relevant research on competency in sports field. 205(Iccese), 1129–1132. https://doi.org/10.2991/iccese-18.2018.253

Published
2022-03-31
How to Cite
Widohardhono, R., Nurhasan, N., Mintarto, E., & Jannah, M. (2022). Developing Model and Psychological Competencies Scale of 100 Meter Runner Student Athletes. IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, 3(2), 192-199. https://doi.org/10.46245/ijorer.v3i2.190
Section
Articles
Abstract viewed = 232 times
PDF downloaded = 178 times Similarity Check downloaded = 23 times