The Problem Based Learning in Enhancing Students’ Critical Thinking for Reading Skills in English Teaching at Vocational School
The purpose of this research explained how Problem Based Learning (PBL) designed in teaching and learning English for Vocational School students in Indonesia. A PBL was used for overcoming critical thinking skill in teaching English at vocational school. The sample consisted of tenth grade of vocational school students who were recruited purposively. The research methodology used qualitative and qualitative method. Interview was used to get data about instructional and students’ needs. Questionnaire was used to obtain expert validation during teaching and learning process, and a test was used to obtain the effectiveness. The results of expert validation showed that the design of this learning strategy was good and can be used in learning English. It was effective in English as Foreign Language teaching strategy for vocational school in Blega of Bangkalan. Thus, it could be implemented in the teaching and learning English for vocational school students in enhancing students’ critical thinking.
Ahmadi, M. R., & Gilakjani, A. P. (2012). Reciprocal teaching strategies and their impacts on English reading comprehension. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 2(10), 2053–2060. https://doi.org/10.4304/tpls.2.10.2053-2060
Anderson, R. C., & Pearson, P. D. (2016). A schema-theoretic view of basic processes in reading comprehension. In Handbook of Reading Research. https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9781139524513.007
Arends, R. I. (2015). Learning to teach (Tenth). McGraw-Hill Education.
Ariyana, Y., Pudjiastuti, A., Bestary, R., & Zamroni. (2018). Buku pegangan pembelajaran berorientasi pada keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi. Direktorat Jenderal Guru dan Tenaga Kependidikan.
Borich, G. D. (2016). Observation skills for effective teaching. In Observation Skills for Effective Teaching. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315633206
Chua, B. L., Tan, O. S., & Liu, W. C. (2016). Journey into the problem-solving process: cognitive functions in a PBL environment. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 53(2), 191–202. https://doi.org/10.1080/14703297.2014.961502
Driscoll, M., & Carliner, S. (2005). Advanced web-based training strategies: Unlocking instructionally sound online learning. In Training.
Ekawati, W. (2019). Implementing integrated project based learning to enhance students’ writing skill. ELLITE: Journal of English Language, Literature, and Teaching, 3(2), 69. https://doi.org/10.32528/ellite.v3i2.1915
Fazriyah, N., Supriyati, Y., & Rahayu, W. (2018). Watson-Glaser ’ s critical thinking skills watson- glaser’s critical thinking skills. 2nd International Conference on Statistics, Mathematics, Teaching, and Research, 1–6.
Fisher, A. (2011). Critical thinking an introduction second edition. In Cambridge University Press.
Griffin, P., & Care, E. (2015). Assessment and teaching of 21st Century skills - methods and approach. In Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9395-7_1
Hakim, M. F. Al, Sariyatun, S., & Sudiyanto, S. (2018). Constructing student`s critical thinking skill through discovery learning model and contextual teaching and learning model as solution of problems in learning history. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 5(4), 175. https://doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v5i4.240
Hmelo-Silver, C. E., Kapur, M., & Hamstra, M. (2018). Learning through problem solving. In International Handbook of the Learning Sciences. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315617572
Iskandar, S. (2015). The development of problem-based learning model in troubleshooting to enhance students’ critical thinking skills at automotive program of senior vocational school. Edutech, 14(2), 197. https://doi.org/10.17509/edutech.v14i2.1378
Jamhari, M., Syarifuddin, D., & Sipahutar, H. (2018). The effects of visual mapping and science-related attitudes on students’ problem solving skills. https://doi.org/10.2991/aisteel-18.2018.9
Kalaitzidis, T. J., Litts, B., & Halverson, E. R. (2016). Designing collaborative production of digital media. In Instructional-Design Theories and Models: The Learner-Centered Paradigm of Education. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315795478
Karatas, I., & Baki, A. (2013). The effect of learning environments based on problem solving on students’ achievements of problem solving. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education.
Kassem, M. A. M. (2018). Improving EFL students’ speaking proficiency and motivation: A hybrid problem-based learning approach. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 8(7), 848. https://doi.org/10.17507/tpls.0807.17
Kumar, R., & Refaei, B. (2017). Problem-based learning problem-based learning pedagogy fosters students ’ critical thinking about writing. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning Volume, 11(2), 5–10.
Lathram, B., Bob, L., & Vander Ark, T. (2016). Preparing students for a project-based world. In Getting Smart (Issue February). http://gettingsmart.com/publication/preparing-students-project-based-world/
Lee, H., & Blanchard, M. R. (2019). Why teach with PBL ? Motivational factors underlying middle and high school teachers ’ use of problem-based learning. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning Volume, 13(1).
Lim, H. J., Bong, M., & Woo, Y. K. (2015). Reading attitude as a mediator between contextual factors and reading behavior. Teachers College Record, 117(1).
Mahbub, M. A. (2019). English teaching in vocational high school: a need analysis. Jeels (Journal of English Education and Linguistics Studies), 5(2).
Mayer, R. E. (2012). Problem Solving. In Encyclopedia of Human Behavior: Second Edition. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-375000-6.00290-1
Monterrat, B., Lavoué, E., George, S., Monterrat, B., Lavoué, E., George, S., & Adaptive, L. (2014). Motivation for learning : Adaptive gamification for web-based learning environments. 6th International Conference on Computer Supported Education (CSEDU 2014), 117–125.
Mulnix, J. W. (2012). Thinking critically about critical thinking. Educational Philosophy and Theory. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-5812.2010.00673.x
Mursyidah, R. ., Ibrahim, M., & Mustaji. (2019). Validity of science student’s book to practice critical thinking skills. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications (IJSRP), 9(8), 218. https://doi.org/10.29322/ijsrp.9.08.2019.p9234
Mustaji. (2017). Model dan desain pembelajaran:teori dan implementasi problem based learning dan collaborative learning. Unesa University Press.
Nurhayati, N., Angraeni, L., & Wahyudi, W. (2019). Pengaruh model problem based learning, kemampuan berpikir kritis terhadap kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi. Edusains, 11(1), 12–20. https://doi.org/10.15408/es.v11i1.7464
Nurisya, K., & Corebima, A. D. (2017). The contribution of metacognitive skills and critical thinking skills on the retention of senior high school students at biology learning based on PBL in Malang, Indonesia. Scholars Journal of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences, 5(3), 156–162. https://doi.org/10.21276/sjahss.2017.5.3.3
Pourhosein Gilakjani, A., & Sabouri, N. B. (2016). How can students improve their reading comprehension skill? Journal of Studies in Education. https://doi.org/10.5296/jse.v6i2.9201
Qizi, M. D. S. (2019). Techniques and strategies for developing critical thinking in english. International Journal of Research, 6(13).
Reigeluth, C. M., Beatty, B. J., & Myers, R. D. (2016). Instructional-design theories and models: The learner-centered paradigm of education. In Instructional-Design Theories and Models: The Learner-Centered Paradigm of Education (Vol. 4). Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315795478
Reigeluth, C. M., Beatty, B. J., & Myers, R. D. (2017). Instructional-design theories and models, volume iv: the learner-centered paradigm of education - preface & unit forewords. New York, NY: Routledge.
Rohim, A. (2014). Improving students’ speaking skill through problem-based learning (PBL) strategy. JP3, 3(8), 44.
Safaruddin, Degeng, I. N. S., Setyosari, P., & Murtadho, N. (2020). The effect of PJBL with WBL media and cognitive style on students’ understanding and science-integrated concept application. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 9(3), 384–395. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v9i3.24628
Sari, F. N., Zetriuslita, & Wahyuni, A. (2018). Application of problem based learning models to improve critical thingking skills mathematically in science two tenth grade class students of senior high school 1 Salo. Mathematics Research and Education Journal, 2(1).
Sari, I. P. (2015). Meningkatkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis siswa smp melalui pendekatan problem posing. Jurnal Ilmiah STKIP Siliwangi Bandung.
Sari, L. K., Achsani, N. A., & Sartono, B. (2017). Pemodelan Volatilitas return saham: studi kasus pasar saham asia. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 18(1), 35. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v18i1.717
Savery, J. R. (2018). Essential readings in problem-based learning overview of problem-based learning : Definitions and distinctions. In Essential Readings in Problem-Based Learning: Exploring and Extending the Legacy of Howard S. Barrows (pp. 4–16). Purdue University Press.
Sternberg, R. J. (1986). Critical thinking: Its nature, measurement and improvement. In National Institute of Education, Washington, DC. (p. 37).
Toheri, Winarso, W., & Haqq, A. A. (2019). Three parts of 21 century skills: Creative, critical, and communication mathematics through academic-constructive controversy. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 7(11), 2314–2329. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2019.071109
Vaseghi, R. (2012). Critical thinking an influential factor in developing english reading comprehension performance. Advances in Asian …, 2(1), 401–410. http://worldsciencepublisher.org/journals/index.php/AASS/article/view/406
Watson, W. R., & Watson, S. L. (2016). Principles for personalized instruction. In Instructional-Design Theories and Models: The Learner-Centered Paradigm of Education. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315795478
Copyright (c) 2021 IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The copyright of the received article once accepted for publication shall be assigned to the journal as the publisher of the journal. The intended copyright includes the right to publish the article in various forms (including reprints). The journal maintains the publishing rights to the published articles.